Unlike English (and many other languages) where the days of the week are named after gods and mythological figures, the Hebrew days are faithful only to the Bible and are simple ordinal numbers, named after the order of the Creation as described in the Bible. We’ll review each day in light of the Bible. For contrast, we’ll also briefly mention the origin of the English, ancient Latin and other origins of these names.
1. English, Norse (Scandinavian), Ancient Latin – Tuesday was named after the Norse god Tyr. The Romans named this day after their war-god Mars: dies Martis.
2. Hebrew – yom she•li•shi indicates the ordinal number third. “Yom” means “day”= and “she•li•shi” simply means “the third.” The related cardinal number is “sha•losh” (three).
In the Bible Tuesday is called “yom she•li•shi,” – “the third day.” To refresh your memory, on Tuesday God gathered the waters to one place and made the dry land appear. God called it Earth and the waters He called Seas. The Creation on Tuesday ends with:
“And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, herb yielding seed, and fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth; and it was so”