Today we introduce the biblical dish ma•rak, soup or broth.
Marak, soup, is mentioned only twice in the Bible and neither is favorable for this dish. By the negative occurrence we learn that meat was part of this ancient soup. The problem with this soup is that it wasn’t kosher. (Kosher foods are those that conform to the regulations of kashrut [Jewish dietary law]. Food that may be consumed according to ha•la•cha (Jewish law) is termed kosher in English, from the the Hebrew term kasher, meaning ‘fit’ (in this context, fit for consumption). Food that is not in accordance with Jewish law is called treif (in Yiddish treyf, derived from Hebrew t’re•fa meaning ‘torn.’ A list of some kosher foods is found in the books of Leviticus 11:1-47 and Deuteronomy 14:3-20, as are also certain kosher rules. Reasons for food not being kosher include the presence of ingredients derived from non-kosher animals or from kosher animals that were not slaughtered in a ritually proper manner.)
In this verse, the ma•rak is not kosher because it included swine meat:
“A people who provoke me to anger continually to my face; who sacrifices in gardens, and burns incense upon altars of brick; Who sit on the graves, and spend the night in vaults, who eat swine’s flesh, and broth of abominable things is in their utensils”
In its other mentioning in the Bible, the angel of God commands Gideon to dispose the soup to the ground:
“And Gideon went in, and prepared a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour; the meat he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought it out to him under the terebinth, and presented it. And the angel of God said to him, Take the meat and the unleavened cakes, and lay them upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so”
Sadly, the only two soups mentioned in the Bible are just not too pleasing!
But if you are really interested in experiencing highly researched biblical foods and among them soups, try finding more info about Biblical meals that are prepared in ‘Neot Kedumim’ in Israel. It is located between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem (about 20 minutes from Tel Aviv. Their web address is: http://www.neot-kedumim.org.il
I wish you Bon Appétit!