Answering a special request, we will add in the next few days some of the most common expressions that are simple to learn, with no ‘heavy duty’ teachings or strings attached.
Note that the word ‘to•da’ is related to the verb ‘ho•da,’ ‘to thank.’ Both the names, Judah (Ye•hu•da) and Jewish (Ye•hu•di), come from this verb, and their meanings are ‘giving thanks,’ or ‘thanksgiving.’
Today’s word is to•da ra•ba (thank you very much), and its shorter version ‘to•da’ (thank you or just thanks).
In biblical Hebrew (and also in modern), the word ‘toda’ means ‘thankfulness,’ ‘thanksgiving’ and even ‘confession’:
“And now make confession to the Lord God of your fathers, and do his will; and separate yourselves from the people of the land, and from the foreign wives”
In another instance, it means sacrifices of praise:
“and bringing sacrifices of praise, to the house of the Lord”
The Biblical thanksgiving:
“Rooted and built up in him, and established in the faith, even as you were taught, abounding in it in thanksgiving”
The Hebrew expression here is ‘eem•rey to•da,’ ‘words of thanksgiving.’
“And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving and the voice of those who make merry; and I will multiply them, and they shall not be few; I will also glorify them, and they shall not be small”
The Hebrew word here is just the single ‘to•da,’ ‘thanksgiving.’
And we close with one occurrence of ‘toda’ in the Bible that is almost the same as we use it today:
“My son, please, give glory to the Lord God of Israel, and give thanks to him”